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研究:重度肥胖者的早亡风险比正常人高50%_星辰国际新闻

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  4月29日电 据英国天空新闻网报道,近期,一项在欧洲肥胖大会(ECO)上发表的研究称,重度肥胖者比体重正常的人早死的可能性高50%。

April 29, British Sky News reported that a recent study published at the European Obesity Conference (ECO) said that people with severe obesity were 50% more likely to die early than people with normal weight.

  据报道,研究人员专家分析了英国成年人的健康、死亡和疾病数据后发现,超重和肥胖与罹患严重疾病的几率有很大关系。

Researchers and experts have reported that overweight and obesity are closely related to the risk of serious illness after analysing the health, death and disease data of British adults.

  该研究报告的撰写者哈斯说:“体重超标会给2型糖尿病和睡眠呼吸暂停症带来很大的风险……在过去30年里,全球肥胖人口数量几乎翻了三倍(1975年为1.05亿人,2016年为6.5亿人),这对公共健康有着严重的影响。”

Haas, the author of the study, said:’Overweight carries a high risk for type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea… Over the past 30 years, the global obesity population has almost tripled (105 million in 1975 and 650 million in 2016), which has a serious impact on public health.

  据悉,衡量人是否肥胖的指标之一是身体质量指数(BMI)。这是一种利用身高和体重来衡量你的体重是否健康的指标。对于大多数成年人来说,理想的BMI在18.5到24.9之间。

It is reported that one of the indicators of obesity is body mass index (BMI). It’s a measure of how healthy your weight is by your height and weight. For most adults, the ideal BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9.

  然而,研究结果表明,重度肥胖(BMI在40到45之间)者患2型糖尿病的可能性是正常人的12倍,患睡眠呼吸暂停症的风险是正常人的22倍;BMI在35到40之间的人,患2型糖尿病的风险几乎是正常人的9倍,患睡眠呼吸暂停症的风险是正常人的12倍;BMI在30到35之间的人患2型糖尿病的几率则是正常人的5倍,患心力衰竭的风险比常人要高出70%;而BMI在25到30之间的人患以上两种疾病的风险则是正常人的两倍多。

However, the results showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 12 times that of normal people and 22 times that of sleep apnea; the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus was almost 9 times that of normal people and 12 times that of sleep apnea in people with BMI between 35 and 40; the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in people with BMI between 30 and 35 was 12 times that of normal people; and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in people with BMI between 30 and 35 was 22 times that of normal people. The risk of diabetes is five times higher than that of normal people, and the risk of heart failure is 70% higher than that of normal people, while the risk of BMI between 25 and 30 is more than twice that of normal people.

  研究结果还表明,体重增加与高血压、心率不齐和血脂异常(血液中胆固醇和其他脂肪的异常水平)等疾病均有很大关系。

The results also showed that weight gain was associated with hypertension, heart rate arrhythmia and dyslipidemia (abnormal levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood).

  据悉,BMI在40到45之间的人患心力衰竭、高血压和血脂异常的几率是正常人的三倍。

It is reported that people with BMI between 40 and 45 are three times more likely to suffer from heart failure, hypertension and dyslipidemia than normal people.

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